Tuesday, October 27, 2009

Images during the Japanese attack of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii and the Japanese occupation of the Philippines in World War II


Attack on Pearl Harbor - Japanese planes view.

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike conducted by the Japanese navy against the United States' naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of Sunday, December 7, 1941 (Hawaiian time), later resulting in the United States becoming militarily involved in World War II. It was intended as a preventive action to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from influencing the war the Empire of Japan was planning to wage in Southeast Asia against Britain, the Netherlands, and the United States. The attack consisted of two aerial attack waves totaling 353[7] aircraft, launched from six Japanese aircraft carriers.

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

USS Quapaw ATF, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

USS Quapaw ATF, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

USS Quapaw ATF, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

USS Quapaw ATF, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

USS Quapaw ATF, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

USS Quapaw ATF, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

USS Quapaw ATF, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

USS Quapaw ATF, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - Dec. 7, 1941

War came unexpectedly to the Philippines. Japan openned a surprise attack on the Philippines on December 8, 1941, when Japan attacked without warning, just ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Japanese troops attacked the islands in many places and launched a pincer drive on Manila. Aerial bombardment was followed by landings of ground troops in Luzon. The defending Philippine and United States troops were under the command of General Douglas MacArthur. Under the pressure of superior numbers, the defending forces (about 80,000 troops, four fifths of them Filipinos) withdrew to the Bataan Peninsula and to the island of Corregidor at the entrance to Manila Bay where they entrenched and tried to hold until the arrival of reinforcements, meanwhile guarding the entrance to Manila Bay and denying that important harbor to the Japanese. But no reinforcements were forthcoming.

Manila, declared an open city to stop its destruction, was occupied by the Japanese on January 2, 1942. The Philippine defense continued until the final surrender of United States-Philippine forces on the Bataan Peninsula in April 1942 and on Corregidor in May. Most of the 80,000 prisoners of war captured by the Japanese at Bataan were forced to undertake the notorious Bataan Death March to a prison camp 105kilometers to the north. It is estimated that as many as 10,000 men died before reaching their destination.

On October 20, 1944 general Mac. Arthur came to the Philippines and the country was reconquered from Leyte. The Japanese capitulation took place on September 2, 1945.

More than 1 million Filipino's were killed. During the occupation there was a lot of resistance, the most important group was the Hukbalahap, a group with more than 30,000 warriors.

Japanese occupation of Manila.

Japanese Imperial Army in the Philippines.

Japanese occupation of Manilam 1941-1944.

After the Japanese occupation, Manila, 1945.

Army vehicles in front of Quiapo Church, Manila, 1946.

View of Rizal Avenue (Avenida Rizal) 1945.

Avenue Theatre, Manila, 1945.

American Capt. Locolvero on horseback, surrounded by guerilla forces, Zamboanga,1945.

Damaged buildings in Rizal Avenue, Manila 1945.

Debris amid damaged building after bombings, Manila, 1945.

Manila, 1945.

Filipino civilians bring in a Japanese prisoner, Mindanao, 1945.

Filipino throng as soldier pass with wounded Japanese in tow, Manila, 1945.

Filipino family shows US flag, 1944.

Filipino guerillas board American landing craft, 1945.

Filipino guerillas guard pro-Japanese Makapilism Luzonm 1945.

Filipino tells US soldiers where he has last seen the Japanese, Mindoro, 1945.

Filipino guerillas.

Filipinos push jeep, Panay, 1945.

Guerillas being issued rifles, Mindanao, 1945.

Guerillas greet American troops, Jolo Islands, 1945.

Guerillas march on beach to LCI, Masbate, 1945.

Guerillas march on beach to landing craft, Masbate, 1945.

Guerillas transporting a captured Japanes, Luzon, 1945.

Guerillas who fought the Japanese, Mindanao, 1945.

Intramuros at the end of World War 2nd, 1945

Japanese Prisoner of War.

Japanese surrender.

Japanese surrender.

Japanese surrender.

Jones Bridge statues.

Manila at the end of World War 2nd, 1945

Manila after Japanese occupation.

Manila destroyed by bombs from American military forces, 1945

Palo Church, Leyte ?

Church in Palo Leyte ?

Pangasinan Capitol 1945

Pasig River, Manila 1945

Probably a military hospital.

US Military bombed Manila, 1944

Manila 1945

Plaza Espana, Manila 1945

Quinta Market, Quiapo Manila, 1945

Refugees and patients liberated from Philippine General Hospital, 1945

Notice :
The old historical photos posted here, I have personally copied from the Library of American Congress, University of Wisconsin's Digital collections, from other sources and the other photos were courtesy of SSC forumer “Animo” who religiously research, scanned and posted the photos in the Skyscrapercity Retrato series and other historical threads is SSC Forum.

Web links :





Youtube Videos of Japanese War


  1. Hello,

    I came across your site when searching for Japanese occupation of Manila during WWII. I'm interested in using some photos for a documentary I'm creating on my grandmothers past. She was born in Manila and immigrated to Canada in 1973. I would like to get in contact about copyrights of the photos, I noticed you posted various sources above. If possible please contact me at jasonhunterfilms (at) gmail (dot) com

  2. Hi Jason.
    Regarding your message about copyrights, since some photos I copied from the digital collection of the Library of American Congress, most of those photos were already in public domain and no longer covered by copyright law.

    About other photos which I copied from the posting of Animo of Skyscraper City Forum, since he scanned those photos from media publications perhaps you just needed to put a remark in your film that some photos were copied from Animo. By the way, Animo is the username of a Filipino-American based
    in Hawaii U.S.A. If you wish you may contact him in SSC - http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=378599&page=43

  3. thanks for posting those pics, really interesting.